Curriculum Vitae

current as of September 2017

Dr. Emily K. Vraga
Department of Communication, MS 3D6
George Mason University
4400 University Drive
Fairfax, VA 22030
evraga@gmu.edu
ekvraga@gmail.com

Peer-Reviewed Articles

Vraga, E. K., & Bode, L. (forthcoming). I do not believe you: How providing a source corrects health misperceptions across social media platforms. Information, Communication, and Society, online first.
[link]

Bode, L., & Vraga, E. K. (forthcoming). See something, say something: Correction of global health misinformation on social media. Health Communication, online first.
[link]

Bode, L., & Vraga, E. K. (forthcoming). Studying politics across media. Political Communication, online first.
[link]

Bode, L., Vraga, E. K., & Troller-Renfree, S. (forthcoming). Skipping politics: Measuring avoidance of political content in social media. Research & Politics, online first.
[link]

Edgerly, S., Thorson, K., Thorson, E., Vraga, E. K., & Bode, L. (forthcoming). Do parents still model news consumption? Socializing news use among adolescents in a multi-device world. New Media and Society, online first.
[link]

Edgerly, S., Vraga, E. K., Bode, L., Thorson, K., & Thorson, E. (forthcoming). New media, new relationships to participation? A closer look at youth news repertoires and political participation.  Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, online first.
[link]

Tully, M., & Vraga, E. K. (forthcoming). Who experiences growth in news media literacy and why does it matter? Examining education, individual differences, and democratic outcomes. Journalism and Mass Communication Educator, online first.
[link]

Vraga, E. K. (2017). Which candidates can be mavericks? The effects of issue disagreement and gender on candidate evaluations. Politics & Policy, 45, 4-30.
[link]

Kotcher, J., Myers, T., Vraga, E. K., Stenhouse, N., & Maibach, E. (2017). Does engagement in advocacy hurt the credibility of scientists? Results from a randomized national survey experiment. Environmental Communication, 11, 415-429.
[link]

Stefanidis, A., Vraga, E., Lamprianidis, G., Radzikowski, J., Delamater, P. L., Jacobsen, K. H., Pfoser, D., Croitoru, A., & Crooks, A. T. (2017). Health narratives in Twitter: Structure and characteristics under the lens of a Zika case study. Journal of the Medical Internet Research: Public Health and Surveillance, 3(2): e22.
[link]

Tully, M., & Vraga, E. K. (2017). Effectiveness of a news media literacy advertisement in partisan versus nonpartisan online media contexts. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 61, 144-162.
[link]

Vraga, E. K. (2016). Party differences in political content on social media. Online Information Review, 40, 595-609.
[link]

Vraga, E. K., Bode, L., Smithson, A., & Troller-Renfree, S. (2016). Blurred lines: Defining social, news, and political posts on Facebook. Journal of Information Technology and Politics, 13, 272-294.
[link]

Vraga, E. K., Bode, L., & Troller-Renfree, S. (2016). Beyond self-reports: Using eye tracking to measure topic and style differences in attention to social media content. Communication Methods and Measures, 10, 2-3, 149-164.
[link]

Vraga, E. K., & Tully, M. (2016). Effective messaging to communicate news media literacy concepts to diverse publics. Communication and the Public, 1, 3, 305-322.
[link]

Vraga, E. K., & Tully, M. (2016). Effectiveness of a Non-classroom Media Literacy Intervention Among Different Undergraduate Populations. Journalism and Mass Communication Educator, 71, 4, 440-452.
[link]

Edgerly, S., Gotlieb, M. R., & Vraga, E. K. (2016). “That show really spoke to me!” The effects of compatible psychological needs and talk show host style on audience activity. International Journal of Communication, 10, 1950-1970.
[link]

Vraga, E. K. (2015). How Party Affiliation Conditions the Experience of Dissonance and Explains Polarization and Selective Exposure. Social Science Quarterly, 96, 487-502.
[link] [supplemental appendix]

Vraga, E. K., Anderson, A. A., Kotcher, J. E., & Maibach, E. W. (2015). Issue-Specific Engagement: How Facebook Contributes to Opinion Leadership and Efficacy on Energy and Climate Issues. Journal of Information Technology and Politics, 12, 200-218.
[link]

Vraga, E. K., Thorson, K., Kligler-Vilenchik, N., & Gee, E. (2015). How individual sensitivities to disagreement shape youth political expression on Facebook. Computers in Human Behavior, 45, 281-289.
[link]

Vraga, E. K., & Tully, M. (2015). Media literacy messages and hostile media perceptions: Processing of nonpartisan versus partisan political information. Mass Communication and Society, 14, 422-448
[link]

Vraga, E. K., Tully, M., Kotcher, J. E., Smithson, A., & Broeckelman-Post, M. (2015). A multi-dimensional approach to measuring news media literacy. The Journal of Media Literacy Education, 7, 3, 41-53.
[link]

Bode, L., & Vraga, E. K. (2015). In Related News, That Was Wrong: The Correction of Misinformation Through Related Stories Functionality in Social Media. Journal of Communication, 65, 619-638.
[link] [erratum]

Vraga, E. K., Johnson, C., Carr, D. J., Bode, L., & Bard, M. (2014). Filmed in front of a live studio audience: Laughter and aggression in political entertainment programming. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 58, 131-150.
[link]

Vraga, E. K., Bode, L., Yang, J., Edgerly, S., Thorson, K., Wells, C., & Shah, D. (2014). Political influence across generations: Partisanship and candidate evaluations in the 2008 election. Information, Communication, and Society, 17, 184-202.
[link]

Vraga, E. K., Bode, L., Wells, C., Driscoll, K., & Thorson, K. (2014). The rules of engagement: Comparing two social protest movements on YouTube. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 133-140.
[link]

Bode, L., Vraga, E. K., Borah, P., & Shah, D. V. (2014). A New Space for Political Behavior: Political Social Networking and its Democratic Consequences. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 19, 414-429.
[link]

Edgerly, S., Vraga, E. K., McLaughlin, B., Alvarez, G., Yang, J., & Kim, Y. M. (2014). Navigational Structures and Information Selection Goals: A Closer Look at Online Selectivity. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 58, 542-561.
[link]

Borah, P., Edgerly, S., Vraga, E. K., & Shah, D. V. (2013). Hearing and talking to the other side: Antecedents of cross-cutting exposure in adolescents. Mass Communication and Society, 16, 391-416.
[link]

Edgerly, S., Vraga, E. K., Fung, T., Dalrymple, K., & Macafee, T. (2013). Directing the dialogue: The relationship between YouTube videos and the comments they spur. Journal of Information Technology and Politics, 10, 276-292.
[link]

Thorson, K., Driscoll, K., Edgerly, S., Ekdale, B., Schrock, A., Swartz, L., Thompson, L., Vraga, E., & Wells, C. (2013). YouTube, Twitter, and the Occupy movement: Connecting content and circulation practices. Information, Communication, & Society, 16, 421-451.
[link]

Vraga, E. K., Tully, M., Akin, H. E., & Rojas, H. (2012). Modifying perceptions of hostility and credibility of news coverage of an environmental controversy through media literacy. Journalism: Theory, Practice, & Criticism, 13, 942-959.
[link] [script]

Vraga, E. K., Edgerly, S., Bode, L., Carr, D. J., Bard, M., Johnson, C., Kim, Y. M., & Shah, D. V. (2012). The correspondent, the comic, and the combatant: The consequences of host style in political talk shows. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 89, 1, 5-22.
[link] [script] [correspondent] [combatant] [comic]

Shah, D. V., McLeod, D. M., Rojas, H., Sayre, B. G., Vraga, E. K., Scholl, R. M., Jones, C. & Shaw, A. (2012). Public broadcasting, media engagement, and 2-1-1: Using mass communication to increase the use of social services. American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 43, S443-S449.
[link]

Vraga, E. K. (2011). Dealing with dissonance: Responding to an incongruent test result in a new media environment. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, & Social Networking, 14, 689-694.
[link]

Vraga, E. K., Edgerly, S., Wang, B. M., & Shah, D. V. (2011). Who Taught Me That? Repurposed News, Blog Structure, and Source Identification. Journal of Communication, 61, 795-815.
[link]

Vraga, E. K., Carr, D. J., Nytes, J. P., & Shah, D. V. (2010). Precision vs. realism on the framing continuum: Understanding the underpinnings of media effects. Political Communication, 27, 1-19.
[link]

Gil de Zuniga, H., Veenstra, A. S., Vraga, E. K., & Shah, D. V. (2010). Digital democracy: Reimagining pathways to political participation. Journal of Information Technology and Politics, 7, 36-51.
[link]

Thorson, K., Vraga, E. K., & Ekdale, B. (2010). Credibility in context: How uncivil online commentary affects news credibility. Mass Communication and Society, 13, 289-313.
[link]

Vraga, E. K., Tully, M., & Rojas, H. (2009). Media literacy training reduces perceptions of bias. Newspaper Research Journal, 30, 4, 68-81.
[link]

Funded Grants

Shah, D. V., Bode, L., Edgerly, E., Thorson, E., Thorson, K., Vraga, E. K., & Wells, C. (2016). Young adults, media flows, and electoral engagement: Understanding how campaign dynamics drive Millennials’ knowledge and participation. Grant amount: $40,000. Source: Carnegie Corporation of New York. Role: PI.

Tully, M., & Vraga, E. K. (2016). Examining the effectiveness of embedding news media literacy messages in a news aggregator. Grant amount: $23,202. Source: Office of the Vice President for Research and Economic Development at the University of Iowa. Role: PI

Stefanidis, A., Jacobsen, K. H., Croitoru, A., Crooks, A., Pfoser, D., & Vraga, E. K. (2015). Health narratives: A multidisciplinary approach to understanding health-related information generation and dissemination in social media. Grant amount: $50,000. Awarded by: Multidisciplinary Research Initiative Planning Committee of George Mason University.

Tully, M., & Vraga, E. K. (2015). Media literacy education and the challenge of promoting critical consumption of news. Grant amount: $6,000. Awarded by: Office of the Vice President of Research and the Center’s C. Esco and Avalon L. Obermann Endowment Fund at the University of Iowa.

Vraga, E. K. (2014). Using eye-tracking to gauge youth interest in political content on Facebook. Grant amount: $4,500. Awarded by: George Mason University Office of Research and Economic Development.

Shah, D. V., Bode, L., Edgerly, S., Thorson K., Vraga, E. K., & Wells, C. (2014). Grant amount $6,000/year, 2014-2016. Awarded by: Journal Foundation, Walter Jay and Clara Charlotte Damm Fund.

Shah, D. V., Bode, L., Edgerly, S., Thorson, K., Vraga, E. K., & Wells, C. (2012). Political influence within parent-child dyads: Partisanship, candidate preference, and political participation. Grant amount: $20,000. Awarded by: The Spencer Foundation.

Invited Peer-Reviewed Chapters

Vraga, E. K. (forthcoming). Voting and participation relevant to climate change. In E. Nisbet (Ed.), Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication.
[link]

Smithson, A., & Vraga, E. K. (2017). I beg to differ: Understanding political disagreement presented by candidates in gubernatorial primaries. In J. C. Baumgartner & T. L. Towner (Eds.). The Internet and the 2016 Presidential Campaign (pp. 51-77). Lexington, KY: Lexington Books.
[link]

Bode, L., Vraga, E. K., Yang, J., Edgerly, S., Thorson, K., Shah, D., & Wells, C. (2016). Political Engagement within Parent-Child Dyads: Rethinking the Transmission Model of Socialization in Digital Media Environments. In C. A. Klofstad (Ed.) New Advances in the Study of Civic Voluntarism (pp. 127-144). Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.
[link]

Wells, C., Vraga, E., Thorson, K., Edgerly, S., & Bode, L. (2015). Youth Civic Engagement. In S. Coleman & D. Freelon (Eds.), Handbook of Digital Politics (pp. 199-220). Edward Elgar Publishing.
[link]

Vraga, E. K., Bode, L., Yang, J. H., Edgerly, S., Thorson, K., Wells, C., & Shah, D. V. (2014). Political influence across generations: Partisanship and candidate evaluations in the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election. In B. D. Loader, A. Vromen, & M. Xenos (Eds.), The Networked Young Citizen: Social Media, Political Participation, and Civic Engagement (pp. 60-85). New York: Routledge.
[link]

Thorson, K., Vraga, E. K., & Klinger-Vilenchik, N. (2014). Don’t push your opinions on me: Young citizens and political etiquette on Facebook. In J. A. Hendricks & D. Schill (Eds.), In Presidential Campaigning and Social Media: An Analysis of the 2012 Campaign (pp. 74-93). Boulder, CO: Oxford University Press.
[link]

Bode, L., Edgerly, S., Vraga, E. K., Sayre, B., & Shah, D. V. (2013). Digital democracy: How the Internet has changed politics. In A. Valdivia & E. Scharrer (Eds.) International Companion to Media Studies – Media Effects/Media Psychology (pp. 504-525). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing.

Fung, T. K., Vraga, E. K., & Thorson, K. (2010). When bloggers attack: Examining the effect of negative citizen-initiated campaigning in 2008 presidential election. In J. A. Hendricks & L. L. Kaid (Eds.), Techno-politics and presidential campaigning: New technologies, new voices, new voters. New York: Routledge.

Public Reports

Maibach, E., Roser-Renouf, C., Vraga, E., Bloodhart, B., Anderson, A. , Stenhouse, N., & Leiserowitz, A. (2013, April 2). A national survey of Republicans and Republican-leaning Independents on energy and climate change. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Project on Climate Change Communication.
[link]

Vraga, E., Roser-Renouf, C., Leiserowitz, A., & Maibach, E. (2013, Jan. 15). The Political Benefits to Taking a Pro-Climate Stand in 2013. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Project on Climate Change Communication..
[link]

Invited Lectures and Public Talks

Co-host of Evidence Squared podcast, Episode 12: Risks and rewards of science comedy. May 12, 2017.
[full episode]

Guest lecture on Political Coverage: Inadequate Analyses of Policies and Legislation Regarding “Who Gets What? Who Pays for What?” Sponsored by the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute at George Mason University, April 17, 2017.

Co-host of Evidence Squared podcast, Episode 5: Science Advocacy and the March for Science. April 3, 2017.
[full episode] [clip on scientific advocacy] [clip on March for Science]

Speaker at When Different Realities Meet. Sponsored by the Dialogue and Difference Project at George Mason University, February 16, 2017.

Panelist on Political and Policy Communication: Impact, Ethics, and the Art of Persuasion. Sponsored by the Department of Communication and the College of Humanities and Social Sciences at George Mason University, October 25, 2016.
[full event video]

Panelist on The 2016 election: The media and the players. Sponsored by Northern Virginia Community College Annandale Campus, April 22, 2016.

Panelist on New Media for New Voters: Research Report. Sponsored by the Donald W. Reynolds Journalism Institute (RJI) at the Missouri School of Journalism and the Political Communication Institute at the University of Missouri College of Arts and Science, October 30, 2015.
[pdf]

Panelist on New Media for New Voters: A public forum. Sponsored by the Donald W. Reynolds Journalism Institute (RJI) at the Missouri School of Journalism and the Political Communication Institute at the University of Missouri College of Arts and Science, October 29, 2015.
[pdf] [video] [press] [press]

Guest lecture on Social Media and Politics: Audience Receptiveness to Political Messages for the International Visitor Leadership Program, U.S. Department of State, October 1, 2015.

Guest lecture on Social Media and Politics: The Promise and the Problems for the International Visitor Leadership Program, U.S. Department of State, June 10, 2014.

Guest lecture on Social Media and Politics: The Promise and the Problems for the International Visitor Leadership Program, U.S. Department of State, March 8, 2013.

Guest lecture on Social Media and Politics: Blogging, Friending, and Following for the International Visitor Leadership Program, U.S. Department of State, March 2, 2012.

Invited Workshops

Workshop on Writing Basics for Scientists for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), November 4-5, 2015.

Workshop on Data Interpretation in Program Evaluation for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), April 20, 2015.

Workshop on Data Interpretation in Program Evaluation for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), October 14, 2014.

Workshop on Choosing and Evaluating Media for the Office of Women’s Health, Strategic Communication Training Seminar, February 5, 2014.

Book Reviews

Vraga, E. K. (2015). Review of New Technologies and Civic Engagement: New Agendas in Communication, edited by Homero Gil de Zuniga. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 92, 1007-1009.
[link]

Vraga, E. K. (2014). Review of Tweeting to Power: The Social Media Revolution in American Politics by Jason Gainous and Kevin M. Wagner. Public Opinion Quarterly, 78, 1026-1028.
[link]

Recent Awards

TOP PAPER for the Children, Adolescents, and Media Division at ICA 2015
Edgerly, S., Thorson, K., Thorson, E., Vraga, E. K., & Bode, L. (2015). Sparking interest, modeling consumption: A contingency model for youth news socialization. Paper to be presented to the International Communication Association (Children, Adolescents, and Media Division), May 2015: San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Top three faculty paper in Communication Theory and Methodology at AEJMC 2012.
Vraga, E. K. (2012). Multiplying Incongruence: How the Emotional Response to Diverse Sources of Incongruent Messages Mediates Participatory Intentions. Paper to be presented to the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (Communication Theory and Methodology), Chicago, Il.

Best faculty paper, runner-up in Political Communication Interest Group at AEJMC 2012.
Vraga, E. K. (2012). Which Candidates Can Be Mavericks? The Intersection of Issue Disagreement and Candidate Biography. Paper to be presented to the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (Political Communication Interest Group), Chicago, Il.

Teaching Experience

George Mason University

COMM302: Foundations of Mass Communication
Fall 2012, Spring 2013, Fall 2014, Spring 2015, Fall 2015

COMM400: Communication Research Methods
Fall 2012, Spring 2013, Spring 2014

COMM432: Political Communication
Spring 2015

COMM650: Graduate Communication Research Methods
Fall 2013, Fall 2014, Fall 2015

COMM750: Graduate Research Methods II
Fall 2013

COMM690: New Media & Democracy
Spring 2014

George Washington University

SMPA120: Public Opinion
Spring 2012

University of Wisconsin-Madison

J614: Communication and Public Opinion, TA
Spring 2010

J202: Mass Media Practices, TA
Fall 2008, Spring 2009, Fall 2009

J201: An Introduction to Mass Communication and Journalism, TA
Fall 2005, Spring 2006, Fall 2006, Spring 2007, Fall 2008, Spring 2008

Professional Experience

July 2010-December 2011: Worked as a research consultant for Innocorp, a Verona-based firm focused on developing educational software for informing individuals about the dangers of drunk and impaired driving. My work included leading a team in the development of an iPhone application that builds off previous research using cognitive tests to inform individuals about their impairment level with updated games and formulae, incorporating theory and evidence into the creation of curricula to inform individuals of the dangers of impaired and distracted driving, and planning a social media strategy to engage the audience in our products and services.

December 2010-July 2011: Worked as a consultant for PBS to analyze the effectiveness of the What’s Your Calling campaign. I helped develop a survey questionnaire to send to visitors to the website, analyzed survey data and Google Analytics data, and produced a report to detail the impact of program viewership and site usage on religious beliefs and attitudes.

Summer 2009 to Spring 2010: Worked as a consultant for St. Louis Public Broadcasting regarding their grant work on Facing the Mortgage Crisis. I helped develop a questionnaire to send to the stations involved in the project, coded and entered the data into an appropriate format, and performed analysis for a final report for KETC. This project investigated the links between station efforts to create content to address the mortgage crisis and their success in adjusting citizen contacts to the station and to help mechanisms like 2-1-1.

Summer 2006: Worked part-time as an independent contractor to Cricket Design Works, preparing press releases, presentations, and other media-related materials for clients, especially Seed Savers Exchange.

Other professional experience available upon request.